Ayurveda Treatment for Obesity

The modern day lifestyle of abundance of food coupled with sedentary screen glued automated routine has resulted in a sequence of diseases termed as Lifestyle Disorders or Non Communicable Diseases of which obesity stands out as one of the most evident one. Obesity is termed as Sthoulya and Atisthoulya in Ayurveda and is a category of Medoroga (disease of the lipid components of the body). WHO standards for Obesity diagnosis is BMI (Body Mass Index) above 30. BMI of 25-29.9 says the person is overweight.


Specialty of Obesity Management at Harivihar Heritage Homestead

Obesity management is done through a comprehensive integrated approach of a detailed analysis of the causative factor, elimination or mitigation of the cause and managing the condition sustainably through judicious combination of Ayurveda medicines, Ayurveda Panchakarma therapies, Ayurveda diet, exercise, yoga, meditation and counselling. Allopathic intervention wherever required is incorporated. Ayurveda treatment for obesity in Kerala at Harivihar Heritage Homestead is under the stringent supervision of the experienced doctors of Sakalya Ayurveda.

Obesity Causes

Obesity or unhealthy weight gain or overweight is the consequence of excessive storage of fat or adipose tissue in the body. The reason may be metabolic, hormonal, behavioural, environmental, cultural, medications that include psychotic drugs, estrogens, corticosteroids and insulin or mismatching food intake-energy spend ratio. Obesity can lead to grave health conditions like heart disease, liver damage, diabetes, arthritis and kidney problems.

Obesity Markers and Symptoms

  • Bulky build
  • Increased body fat accumulated under the skin in specific regions like belly, waist line, thighs, buttocks, arms, neck etc.
  • Breathlessness even on mild exertion
  • Lethargy and early Fatigue
  • Excessive sweating. Bad body odour

Ayurveda Obesity Treatment at Harivihar

The obesity management protocol is established after a trial of many years by the doctors of Sakalya Ayurveda. The stages are

  1. Evaluation of the patient
  2. Detailed discussion with the patient and family
  3. Prescribing and analysing laboratory and imaging services if required
  4. Determining the cause of obesity and preparing a Care Plan
  5. Stage wise Ayurveda internal medications for digestive correction, destabilization of toxins, detoxification, elimination of toxins and metabolic cum hormonal correction
  6. Ayurveda external therapies for fat reduction, body toning and damage control of bones, joints, muscles etc.
  7. Lifestyle modification counselling
  8. Healthy patient friendly sustainable Ayurveda principled diet plan
  9. Therapeutic clinical Yoga and meditation
  10. Progressive practice of physical exercise and endurance enhancement with a customized patient centric exercise plan

Ayurveda External Therapy for Obesity

  • Synchronized oil massage with fat reducing c oils (Abhyanga)
  • Body irrigation or Kashayadhara with herbal decoctions
  • Herbal steam bath
  • Herbal powder or leaves poultices or Kizhi

Yoga for Obesity

Suryanamaskara, Dhanurasana, Bhujangasana, Shalabasana, Padahastasana, Pavanamuktasana, Trikonasana and Vakrasana are a few simple obesity regulating Yoga postures. Pranayama is also good.

Suggestions for Healthy Weight

  • Limit carbohydrate intake especially polished cereals and fine flour
  • Control sugar intake, specifically sweets prepared by mixing sugar, fine flour and high fat content
  • Drastically reduce deep fried food. Use healthy fat like cow ghee, coconut oil or sesame oil or rice bran oil or olive oil.
  • Watch out to limit dairy like butter, purified butter, cheese, whole-milk yogurt, cream, etc.
  • Eat loads of gourds bitter gourd and others
  • Eat more of fruits and cooked vegetables. Limit salads
  • Drink water medicated with spices like ginger, garlic, pepper, mint, etc.
  • Use herbs like Triphala, Vrikshamla (Garcinia cambogia), curry leaves, turmeric, mint and spices like ginger, cinnamon, and black pepper in food.

For more details or for a discussion with or doctors please feel free to get in touch with us.

5 Ayurveda treatments in Kerala you an do in your holidays

Harivihar Heritage Homestead is one of the leading centers providing authentic Ayurveda treatments in a Kerala traditional ambience of a royal heritage homestead nestled in the heart of the city, yet away from the hustle and bustle of a happening Kozhikode (Calicut). Ayurveda at Harivihar Heritage Homestead – One of the best Ayurvedic resorts in Kerala, a Green Leaf certified Ayurveda Centre is a combination of experienced doctors from Sakalya Ayurveda, potent medicines, skilled therapists, seasoned chefs and empathetic support care team. The expertise and guidance of allopathic specialists is a value addition for an integrated Ayurveda-Allopathic treatment module in required cases. Harivihar Heritage Homestead Ayurveda Centre offers successfully time tested guest endorsed therapies for many ailments. Here is a select few.

Spinal Disorders
Low back ache, Neck Pain, Inter-vertebral Disc Prolapse-IVDP, Cervical Spondylitis, Sciatica, Lumbago and many other pain predominant syndromes are common round the globe owing to various reasons. Young population are also susceptible to these conditions. These conditions affect quality of life as well as careers. Harivihar Heritage Homestead Ayurveda centre offers preventive, curative and maintenance packages for pain syndromes. The packages are of 7-28 days depending on the condition of the patient. The treatment includes Panchakarma Ayurveda Therapies, Ayurveda medicines Ayurveda diet and Special Yoga therapies.

Osteoporosis is the degeneration of bones ,a condition which weakens the skeleton and makes the person prone to fractures even with a very minimal impact. The condition is usually seen in women with menopause and in men as age advances into the fifties and above. Ayurveda weight management, healthy Ayurveda diet, correction of metabolism with Ayurveda medicines and healthy Therapeutic Yoga form the management principle for prevention and maintenance of heath in Osteoporosis. The package varies from 7-21 days.

Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of joints usually showing up in old age causing pain, stiffness, swelling and restricted movements. Strengthening of the joint, improving the posture, reducing the pain and a healthy Ayurveda diet are followed in treating Osteoarthritis at Harivihar Heritage Homestead Ayurveda Centre. Improvement in quality of life and arresting/slowing disease progression is the aim of treatment. The package ranges between 7-21 days

Fibromyalgia is a condition of body pain caused by the muscles. The condition can manifest at any age and is many a times stress and strain related. Ayurveda treatments at Harivihar Heritage Homestead Ayurveda centre helps to relax the muscles remove stiffness and make the person feel lighter, agile and active. The irritability is a constant companion of Fibromyalgia. The Yoga, healthy Ayurveda diet, the soothing ambience and more than all the Ayurveda Panchakarma medicines and treatment plays a magical role in the management of Fibromyalgia. The package ranges between 7-14 days.

Frozen Shoulder
Pain and numbness followed by restricted shoulder movements are the main symptoms for Frozen Shoulder. A common complication after a rotator cuff injury or in the forties the condition is fairly manageable with a combination of Ayurveda Panchakarma Therapies and Yoga. The Frozen Shoulder Ayurveda Treatment at Harivihar Heritage Homestead Ayurveda Centre is between 7-14 days.

The 25 plus years experienced renowned Ayurveda doctors of Sakalya Ayurveda are always available through email or social media for a personalized medical opinion on any of your health related queries. If you are looking at the best option in terms of accessibility, safety, luxury, ambience, tradition, homeliness, hygiene, healthy vegetarian food, quality assured Ayurveda care and the patronage of a legacy, your search ends at Harivihar Heritage Homestead ,a destination meeting and matching your expectations.

Ayurveda Treatment in Rheumatoid Arthritis


Ayurveda is an ancient yet trustable healing science, especially in chronic disease conditions. The basic treatment principle of Ayurveda is to address the root cause of the disease and either try to eliminate the cause or to adopt healthy lifestyle changes to reduce the morbidity of the condition. Arthritis is one such chronic condition which negatively impacts the quality of life of the affected.

Image of hands depicting rheumatoid arthritis in an elderly woman

Arthritis is the technical term for joint inflammation, which in simple words is pain, stiffness, swelling and restricted movements of the joints. Joints are complex structures where two or more bones are connected in the human skeletal system. A synovial joint, also known as a diarthrosis, is the most common and most movable type of joint in a human body. In these joints, the contiguous bony surfaces are covered with articular cartilage and connected by ligaments lined by synovial membrane. The joint may be divided, completely or incompletely, by an articular disk or meniscus, the periphery of which is continuous with the fibrous capsule while its free surfaces are covered by synovial membrane. The motions of the joints include spinning, swinging, gliding, rolling, and approximation.

Various reasons like the age, heredity, constitution, nutrition, climate, occupation, lifestyle and other diseases can lead to or cause arthritis. There are more than 100 different forms of arthritis and related diseases. The most common types include Sandhigata Vatam-Osteoarthritis (OA), Amavatam-Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Kushtajanya Vataraktham-Psoriatic arthritis (PsA), Vatavyadhi-Fibromyalgia and Vataraktham-Gout. All these are efficiently manageable with Ayurveda


Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis (known as Amavata in Ayurveda) is an auto-immune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints as well as in other organs in the body. Rheumatoid Arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease.

Causes: Overeating, heavy food, weak metabolism, irregular meal times, over dosing of dairy and proteins, sedentary lifestyle and heredity are some of the causes elicited in Ayurveda text books as the causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Common Symptoms: Thirst, Swelling, Lack of Appetite, Indigestion, Lethargy, Pain and Stiffness in the joints and Heaviness

Ayurveda pathology of Rheumatoid Arthritis: Improper food habits and sedentary lifestyle can lead to impairment of AGNI-metabolism thereby destabilizing the metabolic activity which precipitates accumulation of AAMA (toxin) and vitiation of Vata (macro and micro movements in the body). The deposition of AAMA in the joints causes symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis in the joints. The circulation of the same throughout the body causes rheumatoid Disease.

Ayurveda Treatment/Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis:

  • Ayurveda treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis starts with correction of the metabolism or improving the Agni with DEEPANA PACHANA treatments.
  • Once the metabolism is corrected the next stage is to eliminate the toxins with PANCHAKARMA SHODHANA (Detoxification and Purification) Therapy followed by medication and lifestyle modification. Vamana, Virechana and very importantly Vastis are the usual procedures followed.
  • The Panchakarma therapy is preceded by the SNEHANA-SWEDANA (internal and external oleation and sudation) with therapies like Snehapana, Kizhi, Pizhichil, etc
  • The treatment process is followed by RASAYANA or Rejuvenative/Rehabilitative therapy to maintain the health of the joints and mitigate disease progresssion
  • In initial stages or in the physically/mentally weak patients rheumatoid Arthritis is managed by elimination of the toxins with medications Shamana (medication and lifestyle modification)
  • Snehana, Swedana and Panchakarma massage therapies are quite useful in reducing pain and improving mobility in Rheumatoid Arthritis patients.

Diet in Rheumatoid Arthritis:

  • Barley, Horse gram, Green gram, honey, Celery seeds, Cumin seeds, Dried ginger, Garlic and Bitter gourd are some of the diet suggestions in Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Avoid deep water/shell fish, red meat, yogurt, deep fried food, refrigerated food and beverages
  • Avoid too much of dairy, protein and fats in food
  • Eat an early light warm dinner
  • Drink warm water as directed by your doctor

Lifestyle in Rheumatoid Arthritis:

  • Maintain correct posture
  • Exercise daily and maintain an active lifestyle
  • Practice Sooryanamaskara daily
  • Avoid stress
  • Keep the skin lubricated especially in temperate climate
  • Avoid staying awake till late night and sleeping till late morning
  • Avoid suppression of natural urges of the body
  • Avoid direct exposure to cold winds and temperatures below normal body temperatures
  • Medically supervised Fasting once a month is a good practice

Relevance of Ayurveda in rheumatoid Arthritis: Studies have proven that though allopathic treatment of RA is improving, remission remains rare and treatment remains unsatisfactory. Therefore, the search for effective alternative and additional therapies for Rheumatoid Arthritis ends at Ayurveda.

Rheumatoid Arthritis at Harivihar: At Harivihar Heritage Homestead Ayurveda Centre Rheumatoid Arthritis is managed with an integrated approach of allopathy and Ayurveda in a healing green ambience dotted with medicinal herbs and trees. The de-stressing mobilising Yoga, the vegetarian healthy diet and the perfect tailor made traditional Ayurveda therapies prescribed and supervised by experienced Ayurveda doctors of Sakalya Ayurveda together provide a near complete solution for a person seeking a remedy for Rheumatoid Arthritis. The Panchakarma Therapies are performed by skilled empathetic therapists of Sakalya Ayurveda who impart cure with their healing hands and the medications they blend and dispense. To sum up Harivihar Ayurveda resort is committed to assist a guest with Rheumatoid Arthritis walk out from our premises into a quality life agile, happy, healthy and smiling.

Zamorins of Calicut and the Revathy Pattathanam

Zamorin (Samoothiri;, Portuguese: Samorim, Dutch: Samorijn) of Calicut is the hereditary royal title used by the Hindu rulers of the medieval Kingdom of Calicut on Malabar Coast. The Zamorins ruled for almost six centuries, between 12th and 18th century AD based at the city of Calicut, the one of most important trading centres in South India. At the zenith in the 15th century, the kingdom covered almost all of present day northern and central regions of Kerala state. It was after the disintegration of the Later Chera Kingdom in early 12th century, the Zamorins became completely independent and became a powerful economic and naval force. They had good trade relations with the Arabs and Chinese, the primary spice traders on the Malabar Coast in the Middle Ages. The Kunhali Marakkars, the famous Muslim admirals, were the naval chiefs of the Zamorins. The Zamorins held most of the other important trading ports on the across Malabar Coast.

Zamorins empire
Historic documents and legends such as The Origin of Kerala narrate the establishment of a local ruling family at Nediyiruppu, near present-day Kondotty in Malappuram,south of Calicut by two young brothers belonging to the Nair Eradi clan. The brothers, Manikkan and Vikraman were the most trusted generals in the army of the Cheras. However, during the partition of Chera Kingdom, the king didn’t give any land to this brothers. Due to his feeling of guilt, the king later gave his personal sword and his favourite prayer conch (the sword and the conch were both broken) to his general and told him to occupy as much as land he can with all his might. So the general conquered neighboring states and created a powerful kingdom for himself. As a token of his respect to the Chera king, he adopted the logo of two crossed swords, with a broken conch in the middle and a lighted lamp above it. Historical records regarding the origin of the Zamorins of Calicut is obscure. However, its generally agreed that the Zamorins were originally the rulers of Eralnadu region of the Later Chera Kingdom (9th-12th century AD) and were known as the Eradis. Eralnadu province was situated in the northern parts of present day Malappuram district and was landlocked by the Valluvanad and Polanadu in the west. It is known that Eradis, along with other governors and chiefs, helped the Later Cheras during an attack by Western Gangas on the kingdom. This event is even now celebrated as a historical event in Chittur taluk where the fight took place. Eralandu Utaiyavar appears as signatories in the Jewish Copper plate (11th century) and the Syrian Christian Copper plate (13th century). Around the break up the Later Chera Kingdom in 11-12th century AD, several of its chieftains and governorates became independent. Eralnadu was perhaps one of these new states originated from the ruins of the Later Chera state.
M.G.S. Narayanan, another famous historian, in his book, “Calicut: The City of Truth“, states that the Eradi was in fact a favourite of the last Later Chera king as the Eradi was at the forefront of the battles with the Chola-Pandya forces to the south of his kingdom and led the army to victory. The king therefore granted him, as a mark of favor, a small tract of land on the sea-coast in addition to his hereditary possessions (Eralnadu province). This patch of wasteland is called chullikkad. The Eradis subsequently moved their capital to the coastal marshy lands and established the city of Calicut, then also called Thrivikramapuram. The Eradi later assumed the title of Samudrāthiri (“one who has the sea for his border”) and continued to rule from Calicut. The term came into use only after the 15th century, first time in the writings of Abdul Razzak. Ibn Battuta visited the country in the 14th century and refers to the rulers as Punthureshan Kunnalakkonathiri. The title Samudrāthiri was shortened to Sāmoothiri over time in common usage.
In this context we fondly and respectfully remember the late Highness Shri Mahima Ettanunni Raja who inaugurated Harivihar in 2003.Like the other Zamorins, he too was an epitome of humility and kindness.

About Revathy Pattathanam
Revathi Pattathanam which will be held on the 2nd November ,2017, is a treatise from the ancient vedas. This event first began in the 14th century at the Thali Mahadeva temple,Calicut, a legendary temple as ancient as the myth related to the formation of Kerala. The renowned Revathi Pattathanam used to be a seven days long annual congregation of scholars held under the supervision of Zamorins. This was a remarkable annual cultural and intellectual event in Kerala.
The Tali Temple is a marvel in the Kerala style of architecture. It is a remarkable blend of wood and laterite. The intricate brass-reliefs on the walls of the sanctum-sanctorum and elaborate brass carvings on the wooden roof are quite engaging. Today,Revathi Pattathanam is organized to keep alive memories of the scholars’ meet that used to be held during the reign of the Zamorins. The event culminates with the conferring of the title Bhatta along with a panakizhi (sachet of money) to the selected scholar.


Thiruvathirakali is a group dance performed by the ladies on the auspicious day of Thiruvathira,the birth day of Lord Shiva, in the Malayalam month of Dhanu(December-January). The purpose of the dance is to attain everlasting marital bliss and for the longevity of the spouse.The dance celebrates female energy (shakthi) which brought back to life Kamadeva from the wrath of Lord Shiva. The dance is performed around a lit lamp with the ladies making slow sinuous movements along with clapping their hands and singing ,giving it an amorous aura.
Thiruvathirakali dates back to the Thretha yuga ,when according to mythology, a young Brahmin lady who was an ardent worshipper of Goddess Parvathy(wife of Lord Shiva) was widowed soon after marriage.Her laments reached Kailasam ,the abode of Shiva.Parvathy requested Shiva to restore her husbands life .After lot of coercions from Parvathy`s side Shiva obliged and restored the young ladies husband back to life.Till today ,ladies young and old dance Thiruvathira kali to give their husbands longevity and their marriage everlasting happiness.

Harivihar heritage homestead is committed to preserving the traditional arts of Kerala and we have a team of dancers from the neighbourhood who practice Thiruvathira Kali in our gardens ,on the Thiruvathira day of each month.Led by Ms Beena ,the group consists of Ms Vinitha Kumari,Ms Mini,Ms Preethi,Ms Remani,Ms Komalam and Ms Rejitha.

Kappad beach

Kappad finds mention in history and geography texts as the gateway to the Malabar Coast. Here, on 27th May 1498, 170 men led by the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama (1460-1524) sailed in and stepped into Kerala to create a new chapter in history; the story of a long and momentous socio-political relationship between India and Europe.This rock studded beach with golden sands is a tourists paradise.

It was the spices and wealth of Malabar that first brought the Arabs, the Phoenicans, the Greeks, the Romans, the Portuguese, the Dutch and the English to Kerala. Kappad has witnessed many such landings. Kozhikode was then the most important trade centre of the Malabar region and the Zamorins who ruled this mighty land were powerful and shrewd. Though the Portuguese were welcomed in Kozhikode they were not too well encouraged or entertained for long by the Zamorins, which might be the reason they shifted their base to Kochi and Kollam towards south.

Today only a little stone monument is left at the Kappad beach to speak of its great historic importance. On the rocks nearby is a temple believed to be 800 years old.

A good way to reach Kappad would be through the back waters of Korapuzha ,where you could travel in a boat thru the river to reach Kappad.Alternatively you could hire a cab from Calicut city(precisely 19 kilometres from Harivihar where we are located) .There are life guards on the beach and they notify when it is unsafe to swim.

Scenes at Kappad beachHarivihar

A short ride north of Kappad takes you to the Thikkodi light house(you can see the light house at a distance from Kappad beach) and the Oliver ridley turtle conservatory close to Payyoli ,near Thikkodi.Further north ,visit the Sargalaya arts and craft village where you observe local craftsmen engaged in their arts.Another interesting place nearby is Parapally ,a scenic hillock facing the Arabian sea with an ancient jaram (muslim shrine) at the top.


Pulluvan pattu at Harivihar

Pulluvan pattu is a mystical artform once prevelant in many parts of Kerala.Pulluvan pattu is basically a form of snake worship done either in temples or houses.The Pulluvan and his spouse the Pulluvathi,perform this song to the accompaniment of the Pulluvan veena and kudam.The songs are meant as an appeasement to the snake gods. Legends trace the origin of this art to the Mahabharatha days ,when a little girl was ostricised from her house for giving protection to a snake.Later on this evolved into a form of serpent appeasement .Hindus worship the serpents and any curse of the serpents is bound to have deleterious effects on the future generations.
The pulluvan plays the veena made of bamboo and metal strings and sings the song while the pulluvathy accompanies along with the kutam ,usually made of earthen ware and calf skin. In temples ,the pulluvan pattu is enacted in front of large kalams ,which are intricate geometrical designs drawn using turmeric and other natural colouring agents. In houses,pulluvan pattu is generally done to get rid of evil curses ,serpent curses ,to avoid misfortunes and to attain prosperity.

Now ,a dying art form,with the new generation showing little or no interest ,Pulluvan pattu needs to be revived and revered for the future generations.Harivihar heritage homestead has started doing its little bit for the preservation of this dying art.Each month ,during the day of Ayilyam (which is the day of snakes according to the Malayalam calendar),Harivihar conducts pulluvan pattu in its premises.

Mr Sivan and Remani,an octogenarian couple staying in the outskirts of Calicut , come to Harivihar to perform the Pulluvan pattu on the Ayilyam day of each month. To see their performance by clicking the below video.

The pulluvan pattu calendar for 2017 at Harivihar

May 31,2017

June 27,2017

July 24th,2017

August 21st ,2017

September 17th,2017

October 14th,2017

November 11th,2017

December 8th,2017.

Beypore- Dhow making tradition and neighboring environs

Beypore- Dhow making tradition and neighbouring environs

Beypore ,the small little hamlet situated at the mouth of the Chaliyar river close to Calicut, was once a prominent port.Once upon a time , a few centuries ago,Beypore was an important sea faring center for trade ,attracting Arabs and Chinese and subsequently the Portugese.Beypore has a tradition of boat building (Uru)that is about 1500 years old.Its fame as a ship building center of excellence attracted Arabs and other West Asians ,until the introduction of steel and iron into modern ship building industry destroyed its prospects.The Baramis,who were the main ship builders in Beypore ,trace their root to Yemen.

The master craftsmen called Maistry and the carpenter tribe called Khalasis crafted the ships with the aid of not modern tools or instruments but from memory and mental calculations.The remarkable feature is that for the Uru construction,there are no documents, work plans, or drawings from the concept stage to completion.The designer has a plan in his mind and the details are assigned on a daily basis to the assistant carpenters.No heavy machinery or electrical tools are used. All lifting is done using the pulley system by the Khalasis.The master craftsmen use certain Sanskrit slokas as their guide to the ship building. Even today the secret of dhow or uru making is closely guarded and handed over from generation to generation. Malabar teak which was used for the boat building in the olden days has surreptiously given way to irul and other types of wood.

The launching of the ship is a festive ceremony and a treat to watch.The dhows are made to slide on wooden rollers with the help of Beypore Khalasis who use pulleys and ropes to accomplish their task.It takes a few days to one to two weeks for the launch to be complete.
For our guests staying at Harivihar ,Beypore and its environs has been a fascinating discovery- a peep into the rich culture and traditions of Malabar.Many of them have mentioned that this was their most cherished memory of their visit to India.The ship building at Beypore is a dying tradition and we feel a tinge of regret that attempts to preserve it is not done adequately.

Another interesting place in Beypore is Tasera ,the silk weaving center.Run by Mr Vasudevan , a very creative and short tempered genius , this center is renowned worldwide for making high end tapestries.

Yet another place to visit in Beypore is the fish landing harbour and the peir where you watch scores of fishermen dragging their boats onshore and taking their fresh catch to be sold at the nearby markets. Do stop at the souvenier shops to buy a miniature of the dhow to take home as a memorabilia!

Calicut Temple festivals-Theyyams and Thiras

Thira performance at a local temple near Harivihar,Calicut[/caption]Theyyams and Thiras are ritual dance performances performed in a kaavu(grove) or temple premises of Malabar area of North Kerala.While in theyyam ,the performer is deemed as God himself,in thira the performer is deemed as being possessed by God. This more than 800 year old ritualistic festival is held usually between the months of December to March in scores of small family owned temples in Calicut,Kannur and Kasergode(North Kerala)There are over 400 different types of theyyam and thira dances. The most popular ones include Bhagavathy thira, Bhairavan thira, chanthu thira,Gulikan thira,Kuttichathan thira, Chamundi thira,Nagakali thira Kandakarnan thira etc.Harivihar

Performers of theyyam and thira ,usually belonging to the Malaya,Vanan,Panan,Pulayan and Mvilan communities dress as deities for the dance .The setting is usually temples or as ancestor worship in old houses(tharavads).Theyyam and thira dances are performed in front of a shrine and there is no curtain or stage .The spectactors ,usually worshippers ,stand close by .Mythological stories are enacted during the performances which could last anywhere from one to twelve hours.Some thiras are preceded by vellattams where the performer wears light make up and dances to the tune of drums and folk songs ,emulating the main diety of the shrine.

Here we present a list of temples near to Harivihar homestead, where thiras and theyyams are performed annually. Please note that this is not an exhaustive list and there are scores of other temples who have not found a place in our list.The performances are done usually once an year and the dates are based on the Malayalam calendar year and hence liable to change each year.

1.Karaparambu kuttiadu Sree Vettakkoru makan temple-dedicated to lord Shiva, the temple thira is in the month of Kumbham 28-29th(March 12-13th,2018).This temple has a tradition of more than 500 years old of thira performances.

2.Andikode paradevatha temple-presided by the goddess Durga, thiraa in this ancient temple is in the month of Makaram 20-21st(February 2,3rd,2018).

3.Chelannur ambalathaukulangara temple-thira performance in the month of Kumbham 3rd(February second week).

4.Mokavoor Kamburam temple- dedicated to the Goddess , thira performance is in the month of Kumbham(February).

5.Karaparambu Nellikavu temple-Kalamezhuthu pattutsavamin the month of January 1st week.

6.Eranjipalam Nagathan parambu – kavadi attam performances

7.East hill Arrecanadath temple- Nagakali thira.

8.Kallai Bhadra kali temple – Bhadra kali thira

9.Link road Kiliparambu temple – Nagathira

10.East hill Mannil temple – thira

Apart from thiras and theyyams ,there are other temple festivals which are spectacular in scale being held in Calicut each year.The following are noteworthy.

1.Thiruvannur Subramanian temple –Soorasamharam festival on 25th of October 2017

2.Thali temple Revathi pattathanam and temple festival on 2nd of November, 2017

3. Mananchira Ayyappan Vilakku – Mandala kaalam

4. Pisharikavu Kaliyattu.

5 .Kadalundi Jathavan purappadu.

6. Kadungochira Mahaganapathy temple festival.

7. Krishna Jayanthy procession-During Krishna Jayanthy day(September 12th ,2017) ,thousands of children dressed up as Krishna become part of processions ,organized through out the length and breadth of Kerala.



The artist next door-Madanan

Harivihar  Bilathikulam,the residential suburb where Harivihar homestead is located has been blessed with the presence of many artists and scholars at various times. Great sculptors like Artist Nambooothiri, writers like M.T.Vasudevan Nair etc used to live here.One of the same genre is Madanan, our artist next door.

The diminutive fifty five year old Madanan is currently the senior art editor at Mathrubhumy,a popular vernacular paper and print conglomerate in Kerala.Born to a family with strong art lineage in Kannur, Madanan had his schooling from Vatakara, a Calicut suburb. His guru or teacher was his father himself, who was the drawing teacher at the same school.


Madanan has drawn innumerable pencil sketches in India and abroad. He likes to sketch architecture and his passion is sketching heritage buildings in and around Kerala.Over the years,he has amassed an envious collection of pencil and pen sketches of almost all the heritage buildings in and around Kerala.Apart from buildings,Madanan also likes to sketch people and events,like festivals and markets.His collection includes the Victoria terminus ,Mumbai,TAJ ,Mumbai,Kollengode Palace,Elamkulam Mana,Aluva palace,Jaram at Ponnani,Alleppy market,Connemara market in Chennai,Padmanabha swamy temple and the Guruvayoor temple.

Madanan stays in a modest house right across Harivihar .On somedays ,you could spot him with his drawing board and pencil,furiously sketching in the gardens of Harivihar.We are indeed proud to have a neighbor like him!