Ayurveda – General Information

Ayurveda can be defined as a system, which uses the inherent principles of nature, to help maintain health in a person by keeping the individual’s body, mind and spirit in perfect equilibrium with nature. Ayurveda is a Sanskrit term, made up of the words “ayus” and “veda.” “Ayus” means life and “Veda” means knowledge or science. The term “ayurveda” thus means ‘the knowledge of life’ or ‘the science of life’. According to the ancient Ayurvedic scholar Charaka, “ayu” comprises the mind, body, senses and the soul. Widely regarded as the oldest form of healthcare in the world, Ayurveda is an intricate medical system that originated in India thousands of years ago. The fundamentals of Ayurveda can be found in Hindu scriptures called the Vedas.The aim of this system is to prevent illness, heal the sick and preserve life.

Harivihar  Basic Principles of Ayurveda

Ayurveda is based on the premise that the universe is made up of five elements: air, fire, water, earth and ether. These elements are represented in humans by three “doshas”, or energies: Vata, Pitta and Kapha. When any of the doshas accumulate in the body beyond the desirable limit, the body loses its balance. Every individual has a distinct balance, and our health and well-being depend on getting a right balance of the three doshas (“tridoshas”). Ayurveda suggests specific lifestyle and nutritional guidelines to help individuals reduce the excess dosha.

A healthy person, as defined in SushrutSamhita, one of the primary works on Ayurveda, is “he whose doshas are in balance, appetite is good, all tissues of the body and all natural urges are functioning properly, and whose mind, body and spirit are cheerful…”

‘Tridosha’ or the Theory of Bio-energies
The three doshas, or bio-energies found in our body are:

Harivihar  Ayurvedic treatment is broadly of two types, PanchaKarmam and Shamanam. Shamanam is a treatment that purges the disease and its symptoms through Kshut (fasting), TritNigraham (restriction of fluids), Vyayamam (exercise), Atapaseva (sun rays), MarutaSeva (breeze of air), along with herbal medicines.

‘Panchakarma’ or the Therapy of Purification

If toxins in the body accumulate, then a cleansing process known as panchakarma is recommended to purge these unwanted toxins. This fivefold purification therapy is a classical form of treatment in Ayurveda. These specialized procedures consist of the following:

Special Treatments
Shiro Dhara
(Duration – 7 to 21 days)
Medicated oil is poured slowly over the forehead. ShiroDhara is highly beneficial in treating headaches, mental tension, Insomnia, Stress and disorders of the central nervous system. Medicated oil is also poured onto the body, which is beneficial in curing neuromuscular disorders, rheumatism and general debility.
(Duration – 7 to 21 days)
A piece of cotton is soaked in medicated oil, squeezed and poured over the body. This is highly beneficial in curing spondylitis, hemiplegia, and arthritis. It is immensely rejuvenative.
(Duration – 7 to 21 days)
This is a massage treatment using a bundle of cooked rice. It is a great revitalizer particularly useful in emaciated conditions like muscular degeneration associated with neuromuscular disorders, rheumatism, burning sensation of the body etc.
(Duration – 7 days)
Medicated oil is poured into a tall leather cap that retains the oil on the head. This cures headaches, hair fall, and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
(Duration – 7 to 21 days)
A cloth bundle containing medicinal leaves and powders is used to massage the body. It is useful in muscular – skeletal disorders, other degenerative disorders and neurological problems. It boosts blood circulation and infuses brightness and vigor.

This ancient and time – tested system of healing is on a path of revival with that of meditation and yoga. The inherent beauty of these various process are that it is not imposed up on anybody but a resource to be drawn upon freely and to used according to the unique needs of the individual in his or her particular environment. Our task is to work continuously towards completeness… completeness of body, mind and spirit…let it be through Ayurveda…

Harivihar ayurveda resort offers the best of ayurveda and Panchakarma treatments for its in house guests.

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