Ayurveda and the Three Doshas />

Ayurveda and the Three Doshas

Every country has its traditional system of medicine that is a part of its glorious history, and people have passed it from generation to generation. This conventional system connects people to their ancestors and is the window to the lifestyle and knowledge of history. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Traditional Korean medicine (TKM), Kampo, Unani, etc., are such forms of conventional treatments that native people have used for ages. India, too, has its well-organized method of health care, popularly anointed Ayurveda.


Ayurveda, believed to have originated in India around 3,000 years ago, has a long tradition behind it. Its initial concepts can be traced to ancient Indian scriptures, including Atharvaveda- presumably written in the 2nd Millenium BCE. The chief health ailments cited are consumption, fever (takman), dropsy (edema), cough, diarrhea, seizures, tumors, skin diseases (like leprosy), and abscesses. For the treatment, writers have cited numerous herbs that change as per the season.

Origin of Ayurveda

Other ancient scriptures, including the Caraka-Samhita written by Caraka (a physician), and Susruta-Samhita by Susruta (a surgeon), are other medical books with detailed treatments of Ayurveda.

Ayurvedic Treatments:

Today Ayurveda is a preferred form of health care in large parts of the Eastern world, predominantly in India and Sri Lanka. A large percentage of the population from these areas uses Ayurveda either exclusively or combines it with allopathy for fast relief. In India, most Ayurvedic practitioners work in rural areas and provide this traditional health care facility to more than 500 million people.

Like other modern medical treatments, Ayurveda includes both preventive and curative elements. The preventive segment highlights the need for a strictly personal and social hygiene code. The curative part of Ayurveda focuses on the use of herbal medicines, physiotherapy, diet, and external practices.

However, the practitioners personalize treatments in each segment as per the individual’s personal needs and climatic and environmental conditions.

Ayurveda is one of the world’s most aged holistic healing systems focusing on the whole body. The ancient medical system believes that wellness and health depend on a peaceful balance between the soul, mind, and body. So, for good health, the soul, mind, and body should be in harmony with the universe. When something disrupts this equilibrium, diseases follow. Injuries, age, emotions, climatic and seasonal changes, genetic or congenital disabilities, etc., are some of the forces that could cause the imbalance. The principal goal of Ayurveda is to foster good health rather than fight disease. Each treatment, however, differs from others and focuses on specific health problems.

The Three Doshas:

Ayurveda practitioners believe every person to be made of five essential elements of the universe. They are fire, water, space, air, and earth. These elements integrate into the human body to form three life forces or energies. Ayurveda calls these energies- doshas which control how our body works.

Three Doshas in Ayurveda

These three doshas are:

It’s believed that the human body develops sickness and other health issues because of the imbalance of the doshas.

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